Ability is commonly known as ‘learning abilities’ or ‘cognitive skills’. They affect how well or how fast a student can learn whether in a classroom lesson or sitting in an examination. Learning abilities refer to the abilities to gain meaning and knowledge from experience and information.
Cognition is more then just learning information, it's the ability to think about new information, process and speak about it and apply it to other, previously acquired information. As children mature, they develop the ability to think on higher levels, processing information more skillfully and making connections to other information more easily (Amanda Morin, 2010).
Behaviour refers to the feelings and thoughts of a student that generate both positive or negative attitudes and reactions towards academic affairs.
Behaviour critically affects the student’s performance, regardless of his other abilities. Academic achievement isn't always an absolute measure of a student's intelligence. Instead, a variety of factors, such as teacher involvement, parental investment, school quality and student motivation, can affect academic life.
Student behavior also plays a major role in academic achievement. A student's behavior can affect her ability to learn as well as other students' learning environment.
A good study or revision technique allows the student to study with ease and probably a shorter duration. This may result in reduced stress and anxiety levels and better retention of information learnt.
Some students seem to breeze through their school years, whereas others struggle, putting them at risk for getting lost in our educational system and not reaching their full potential. Parents and teachers want to help students succeed, but there is little guidance on which learning techniques are the most effective for improving educational outcomes.
This leads students to implement studying strategies that are often ineffective, resulting in minimal gains in performance. What then are the best strategies to help struggling students learn?
Emotion skills are defined as the ability “to recognise and manage emotions, develop care and concern for others, make responsible decisions, establish positive relationships, and handle challenging situations effectively" (MOE, 2013).
The main emotion-related concern we all have for our child is his self-esteem. What is self-esteem? Self-esteem is how we value ourselves; it is how we perceive our value to the world and how valuable we think we are to others.
Self-esteem affects our trust in others, our relationships, our work – nearly every part of our lives. Positive self-esteem gives us the strength and flexibility to take charge of our lives and grow from our mistakes without the fear of rejection. Low self-esteem tends to aggravate stress and high stress level may leads to depression and other unusual behaviours.